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Braces and Invisalign

What alternatives are there to metal braces?  Orthodontics, commonly called braces, can be made of metal, ceramic or plastic. They may be removable or may be brackets bonded to the teeth. Invisalign is the most well-known removable 3D-printed plastic aligners and can be a treatment option. Our dental team can assess your teeth to determine whether you are a candidate for Invisalign or braces.  How do Braces work?   Brackets or Invisalign aligners place a constant, gentle force in a carefully controlled direction to slowly move teeth to a corrected position. Braces provide a functional benefit by aligning the patient’s teeth so they have a correct bite and teeth alignment. The added benefit of braces is getting a straight smile and boosting patients’ self-esteem.  How long will I have on braces or Invisalign?  Generally, treatment times are 1-3 years. Patients will respond individually to orthodontic treatment so the time may differ slightly from the original estimate. The patient must diligently use any prescribed rubber bands or headgear or the treatment time can be prolonged.  Do Braces hurt?  We try to keep our patients as comfortable as possible. After an appointment, the patient may feel discomfort for a few hours up to a few days. The majority of the time, a patient won’t feel anything. Bonding the braces on and taking them off will require zero freezing because we are attaching the brackets only on to the surface of the tooth. How old does my child have to be to get braces?  We recommend that your child be seen by age 7 to advise if orthodontic treatment is required and when the best time is to start treatment. Early treatment and monitoring is highly recommended and can prevent future complications.  Early treatment may simplify later treatment because it can… Guide the growth of the jaws and guide incoming permanent teeth Regulate the width of the upper and lower dental arch shapes Gain space for permanent teeth Possibly avoid the need for permanent tooth extractions Reduce likelihood of impacted permanent teeth Correct thumb-sucking Eliminate abnormal swallowing or speech problems Braces for Adults Orthodontics can be successful at any age. It improves confidence and self esteem. 1 in 5 patients with braces is over the age of 21. Adults may have may require periodontal treatment before, during and/or after orthodontic treatment if they have some breakdown or loss of their teeth and bone.  How

Cavities: How and Why Do Dentists Fix Cavities on Baby Teeth?

Children eventually lose their primary teeth (baby teeth), however, that set of teeth needs to survive until the adult teeth pushes them out of the gums. There are consequences of losing the baby teeth too early. Why do Dentists fill baby teeth? Baby teeth are the only teeth in your child’s mouth for years until the adult teeth come in. Baby teeth help the adult teeth come in properly by maintaining the right amount of space for the adult teeth to come in. If trauma has happened to the tooth to cause a crack or there are other issues i.e. incorrectly shaped teeth or underdeveloped teeth. How do they fill it? Dentists fill the baby teeth with the same filling material for adult teeth (tooth-coloured composite material). Sometimes Extraction Is Necessary If the decay is so advanced it could cause infection or pain for your child then extraction becomes the best option. A space maintainer is recommended to keep the space until the adult tooth erupts. Kids Sometimes Get Laughing Gas and/or Oral Sedation When children are having cavities filled, dentists sometimes recommend the use of nitrous oxide, commonly called laughing gas and/or oral sedation. This minimal sedation reduces anxiety and distracts them from the pain associated with both getting that local anesthetic shot in the gums and getting a tooth drilled. Nitrous oxide doesn’t work for all kids, and your dentist may opt to go with an orally administered sedative, instead. Not all dentists can offer nitrous oxide, so it’s best to check beforehand. The Number of Fillings in One Sitting Depends on the Kid Dentist’s number one priority when treating kids is not to create a traumatic experience. When dentists fix cavities for kids, sometimes they do all the cavities at once and sometimes they do only one at a time because some children are fine sitting in the chair for long periods of time, while others are not. Dentists want the best outcome for the kid. Providing quality oral care to a crying child is very difficult for both the kids and the parents. If you’re anxious about your child’s first filling, our dentists will put you at ease. We develop a treatment plan that is right for you and your child, with an aim to preserve the baby teeth until the adult teeth come in. The most important thing you can do as a parent is to keep teaching your