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Veneers

What are Veneers? Dental veneers are thin custom-made shells that cover the front surface of your tooth to improve their appearance. They are made of tooth-colored materials and can be used to improve the color of teeth that have been worn down or stained. Alternatively, they can be used to improve the shape or size of the tooth. Types of veneers There are two types of veneers that are commonly used. Porcelain veneers are more durable, and resist stains better. The properties of the material also helps to create a very natural tooth look. Unlike porcelain veneers, composite resin veneers are not made in a laboratory, but instead directly applied to the teeth. They typically have a shorter life span and are less expensive. When should you consider dental veneers?  Talk to your dentist about dental veneers if your teeth are… stained or discolored teeth crooked or misshapen teeth have spaces between them broken or chipped How its done Typically, two visits are required for porcelain veneers. First visit:  The teeth are prepared to be fitted with a veneer, which will involve trimming a portion of the tooth so the veneer can be bonded on top.  An impression is taken of your tooth which will be sent to a laboratory to prepare the veneer.  You may receive a temporary veneer depending on how much of your tooth structure was removed. This temporary veneer will protect your tooth while the permanent veneer is prepared at the laboratory. Second visit:  If you had received a temporary veneer it will be removed. The new veneer received from the laboratory will be checked to see if it fits well. Once you and the dentist are satisfied with the look and feel of the veneer, it will be bonded to your tooth.

Braces and Invisalign

What alternatives are there to metal braces?  Orthodontics, commonly called braces, can be made of metal, ceramic or plastic. They may be removable or may be brackets bonded to the teeth. Invisalign is the most well-known removable 3D-printed plastic aligners and can be a treatment option. Our dental team can assess your teeth to determine whether you are a candidate for Invisalign or braces.  How do Braces work?   Brackets or Invisalign aligners place a constant, gentle force in a carefully controlled direction to slowly move teeth to a corrected position. Braces provide a functional benefit by aligning the patient’s teeth so they have a correct bite and teeth alignment. The added benefit of braces is getting a straight smile and boosting patients’ self-esteem.  How long will I have on braces or Invisalign?  Generally, treatment times are 1-3 years. Patients will respond individually to orthodontic treatment so the time may differ slightly from the original estimate. The patient must diligently use any prescribed rubber bands or headgear or the treatment time can be prolonged.  Do Braces hurt?  We try to keep our patients as comfortable as possible. After an appointment, the patient may feel discomfort for a few hours up to a few days. The majority of the time, a patient won’t feel anything. Bonding the braces on and taking them off will require zero freezing because we are attaching the brackets only on to the surface of the tooth. How old does my child have to be to get braces?  We recommend that your child be seen by age 7 to advise if orthodontic treatment is required and when the best time is to start treatment. Early treatment and monitoring is highly recommended and can prevent future complications.  Early treatment may simplify later treatment because it can… Guide the growth of the jaws and guide incoming permanent teeth Regulate the width of the upper and lower dental arch shapes Gain space for permanent teeth Possibly avoid the need for permanent tooth extractions Reduce likelihood of impacted permanent teeth Correct thumb-sucking Eliminate abnormal swallowing or speech problems Braces for Adults Orthodontics can be successful at any age. It improves confidence and self esteem. 1 in 5 patients with braces is over the age of 21. Adults may have may require periodontal treatment before, during and/or after orthodontic treatment if they have some breakdown or loss of their teeth and bone.  How

Root Canal Therapy

Root canal therapy is treatment used to repair and save a tooth that has been infected due to a deep cavity or cracked tooth. If the treatment is not performed, infection of the nerve can spread into the surrounding bone which may spread for years unnoticed. However, it is more likely that an acute infection will develop, which will probably require removal of the tooth. What are the signs that a root canal is needed? Severe tooth pain while chewing Your tooth pain wakes you up at night Teeth that are highly sensitive to hot or cold, with the sensitivity lingering for some time. Discolouration or darkening of the tooth Swollen gums in the area of the infected tooth What does the treatment involve? An opening is made into the pulp chamber (middle of the tooth) The pulp is removed. (A tooth’s pulp and nerve is not important to a tooth’s health and function after the tooth has fully emerged from the gums.) The root system is thoroughly cleaned. A temporary filling will be placed to protect the tooth, if the dentist decides to complete the root canal therapy in multiple visits.  When you return, the dentist will remove the temporary filling, re-clean the root canal and pulp chamber, fill the root canal system with a plastic-like filling material, and place a permanent filling and/or crown over the tooth. Root canal therapy has a high rate of success (>95%) and many teeth undergoing the procedure can be saved to last a lifetime. However, root canal treated teeth are more brittle and they are more susceptible to fracture.  It is highly recommended to protect root canal treated teeth with crowns to prevent future breakage.

Tooth Extractions

A dental extraction is most commonly required if one of your teeth is damaged beyond practical repair. The most common reasons for tooth extractions include: Severe tooth decay or infection may make it impossible or too costly to repair a tooth Advanced gum disease may require a tooth to be pulled so it doesn’t affect the supporting tissues and bone structures of your mouth A tooth may be extracted if it is blocking other teeth from coming in During orthodontic work, teeth may need to be extracted to create room for the teeth that are being moved into place Wisdom teeth are often extracted either before or after they come in What to expect Your dentist will first administer anesthetic to numb the area and reduce discomfort. During the extraction, you will feel the pressure of the tooth being removed, but will not feel any pain.  Typically, the dentist is able to remove your tooth within a matter of minutes A small amount of bleeding is normal and a patch of gauze will be placed in the affected area. The area may bleed minimally for the next 24 hours or so and taper off after that.  Follow your dentist’s instructions on how often to change the gauze, and what other post-procedure steps to follow. It is important to decide if you want to replace the tooth being removed. There are several different options for tooth replacements e.g. Bridges or Implants. Depending on the situation, your dentist will be able to discuss the best long term option for you.